With arab world conflicts so often making headlines, the terms shia and sunni – the two main branches of islam – are now familiar to many non-muslims following world news, even if the. Shiite refers to a minority branch of islam that holds muhammad's genuine successors descended from his son-in-law, ali true imam means cube, referring to the square shrine at the center of the great mosque of mecca. The divide between sunnis and shia is the largest and oldest in the history of islam members of the two sects have co-existed for centuries and share many fundamental beliefs and practices but.
The four main branches of islam are shia, sunni, wahhabi and sufi there are, however, over 150 different smaller sects of islam in total, along with the semi-hybrid religion bahaiism the first division in islam resulted in the sunni and shia branches sunnis make up between 84 and 90 percent of. In contrast to shiite islam, where disagreement over the legitimate leader led to further splits into several sub-branches, sunni islam avoided fundamental divisions, allowing, instead, for 'pluralism within a unitary system. The division between islam's shiite minority and the sunni majority is deepening across the middle east the split occurred soon after the death of the prophet muhammad, nearly 1,400 years ago. Shia islam shia muslims believe that, similar to the appointment of prophets, imams after muhammad are chosen by allah according to shia muslims, ali ibn abu talib was chosen by allah and thus appointed by muhammad to be the direct successor and leader of the muslim community.
Compare shia and sunni islam in islam, there are two main sects: sunni and shi'a sunni islam is the largest sect, although in some countries it is a minority. There are two main sects in islam: sunni and shi’ite sunni islam is the largest denomination, although in some countries it is a minority sunnis have their historical roots in the majority group who followed abu bakr, an effective leader, as the successor of muhammad (sas), instead of his cousin and son-in-law ali. Shia this is one of the main branches of islam which differs from others on various topics the main difference they have over other forms is that prophet muhammad appointed ali as the caliph of islam after him and do not accept abu bakr as the actual caliph. Sunni and shiite of islam are the protestant and catholic of christianity also, protestants and catholics have much more differences than do sunnis to shiites.
The christian science monitor is an international news organization that delivers thoughtful, global coverage via its website, weekly magazine, daily news briefing, and email newsletters. The initial split between islam’s two main branches followed the prophet mohammed’s death in 632 ad it was triggered by a dispute over leadership of islam shiites believed that the prophet should have been succeeded by the relatives or descendants most familiar with his thinking and practices. The two main branches of islam are sunni and shia islam the primary difference in their beliefs is the succession to mohammad another difference is the interpretation of the koran sunni islams believe that mohammad intended for the muslim community to choose a successor by consensus the name.
Shia islam is the second largest branch of islam: in 2009, shia muslims constituted 10-20% of the world's muslim population twelver shia ( ithnā'ashariyyah ) is the largest branch of shia islam,  with 2012 estimates saying that 85% of shias were twelvers. One of the most crucial differences between shia and sunni muslims is the importance that the shiites give to ali, whom the sunni do not recognize as being the prophet's rightful successor. Edit article how to act according to furu al deen (10 branches of islam) there is a saying of muhammad mentioning the five pillars of islam: declaration of faith, salah, saum, hajj, zakatthe shi'ia ithna 'ashariya have 10 main aspects, called the furu al-deen. The sunni and shia sects agree on many aspects of islam, however there are also large disagreements between both sides shias look towards the rewards of the afterlife and value the celebration of.
The sunni and shiite sects of islam encompass a wide spectrum of doctrine, opinion and schools of thought the branches are in agreement on many aspects of islam, but there are considerable. Muhammad hanif islam is one of the world's fastest growing religions, and is the principal faith in large parts of the third world there are currently over 970 million muslims concentrated mainly in the middle east, north africa, and south and south-east asia (world almanac 1994, 727)of these, eighty-three percent are sunnis and sixteen percent shiites.
Shia islam is the a branch of muslims that believe in imamat as one of five pillars of islam imamat means that based on quran only god has the right to select the leader and no human even prophet. The majority of the world’s muslim population follows the sunni branch of islam, and approximately 10%-15% of all muslims follow the shiite (shi’ite, shi’a, shia) branch. Shiite - a member of the branch of islam that regards ali as the legitimate successor to mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs shia muslim, shi'ite, shiite muslim, shi'ite muslim shia, shiah, shiah islam - one of the two main branches of orthodox islam mainly in iran.